3-Ply…or more

A few quick tips on multi-ply yarns

Elizabeth Prose Jul 11, 2022 - 2 min read

3-Ply…or more Primary Image

A 3-ply cabled yarn makes for durable, bouncy socks. Photo by Joe Coca

What is a 3-ply yarn? A 3-ply is a yarn with three singles spun together. If the singles were Z-spun, then you will S-ply, and if the singles were S-spun, then you will Z-ply. The same goes for 4-ply or more-ply yarns, just add more plies!

Why use multi-ply yarns?


  • The yarns stand up to abrasion and wear which is great for socks.
  • The more rounded structure of the 3-plus-ply yarns make cable and other knit and purl stitch patterns pop.


  • Spinning more singles takes more time.
  • Managing more than 3 or 4 plies can take practice and may require more than one lazy kate.


  • Judith MacKenzie suggests spinning all of the singles before you begin to ply.
  • Survey singles for consistency.
  • Spread inconsistent bits from less than perfect bobbins throughout the whole project while plying to even things out.

Looking for more ways to improve your plying efforts? New spinners can gain insight from The New Spinners Guide to Plying. Or go beyond the basics of plying with Judith MacKenzie as she illustrates how to unlock the extensive world of yarn design in The Gentle Art of Plying.

Elizabeth Prose is a former associate editor of Spin Off.

Originally published November 2, 2017; updated July 11, 2022.